PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 2trần đình thân ___ ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QUỐC GIA ___ đề số 16
PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 9trần đình thân ___ ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QUỐC GIA ___ đề số 20
ĐỀ THI SỐ 20
ĐỀ LUYỆN THI
KÌ THI TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA NĂM 2023
Môn: TIẾNG ANH
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 1: A. authentic B. through C. tablecloth D. although
Question 2: A. literature B. important C. available D. conservation
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3: A. methodical B. academic C. compulsory D. commercially
Question 4: A. unfortunately B. agricultural C. university D. representative
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 5: When fuels burn, it produce smoke and invisible gases that mix with clouds.
A. it B. fuels C. invisible D. mix
Question 6: When I see her yesterday, I invited her to come to my house.
A. invited B. house C. to D. see
Question 7: While he provides interesting examples from the past and present to support his views, the argument is often lost in the torturous language.
A. interesting B. argument C. lost D. torturous
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 8:There has been a great increase in retail sales, _______?
A. isn’t it B. isn’t there C. doesn’t it D. hasn’t there
Question 9: Hair fingernails, and toenails ________ from the skin.
A. forming B. forms C. formed D. are formed
Question 10: Your father is very kind ________ David. A. with B. to C. for D. of
Question 11: John’s grade……. than his sister’s.
A. higher B. more high C. more higher D. the highest
Question 12: ________ charge for ________ excess luggage is £10 ________ kilo.
A. The; an; a B. The; ; a C. : ; a D. ; an; the
Question 13: I______ work last week, but I changed my mind.
A. would start B. had started C. have started D. was going to start
Question 14: Drying flowers is the best way ________ them.
A. preserved B. by preserving C. preserve D. to preserve
Q15: He_____ the army when he______18.
A joins - is B. joined - was C. joined - is D. is joining - has been
Question 16: ________ warfare duties primarily to males’ was imperative when combat was hand-to-hand.
A. Assigning B. Assigned C. They who assigned D. That they were assigning
Question 17: Paul Sgmuelson was the first American to won the Nobel Prize in ________.
A. economy B. economic C. economical D. economics
Question 18: How are you _______ on with your work? - It’s Ok. A. calling B. getting C. laying D. looking
Question 19: Spain has little good farmland and lacks many ________ raw materials.
A. important industry B. industrious and important C. important industrial D. important industries
Question 20: I really must go and lie down for a while; I’ve got a ________ headache. A. cutting B. splitting C. ringing D. cracking
Question 21: Schooling is compulsory for all Vietnamese children _________from six to fourteen. A. age B. aged C. at age D. on age
Question 22: Why don’t you cut down all the ______ to make a path?a. underground b. undercover c. undercurrent d. undergrowth
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 23: - Laura: “I have got a couple of questions I would like to ask you. - Maria: “________”
A. Of course not, it’s not costly. B. Right, fine away.
C. What’s up? D. Not at all.
Question 24: A. “Thank you. I couldn’t have finished my presentation without your help”. B. “________.”
A. Forget about it. I didn’t mean so. B. I highly appreciate what you did. C. It doesn’t matter anyway. D. Never mind.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSET in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 25: When students do not have time to read a novel before class, they read an outline of the plot instead. A) an article B) a synopsis C) a critique D) an essay
Question 26: She was a devoted teacher. She spent most of her time teaching and taking care of her students.
A. polite B. lazy C. honest D. dedicated
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 27: These days, many people only read printed newspapers once in a while as they tend to access information online.
A. regularly B. attentively C. occasionally D. selectively
Question 28: Lunar years were inconvenient for agricultural purposes. A. useful B. ideal C. proper D. practical
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 29: He started learning French six years ago.
A. He last learned French for six years. B. He has learnt French for six years.
C. He has started learning French for six years. D. He didn’t learn French six years ago.
Question 30: "Where are you studying now?" asked my friend.
A. My friend asked me where I was studying then.
B. My friend asked me where was I studying at that time.
C. My friend asked me where I were studying then.
D. My friend asked me where are you studying now.
Question 31: It is unnecessary for us to worry about our final exam results.
A. We needn’t worry about our final exam results.
B. We must worry about our final exam results.
C. We would worry about our final exam results.
D. We can’t worry about our final exam results.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 32: The coffee was not strong. It didn’t keep us awake. A. The coffee was very strong, but it couldn’t keep us awake. B. If the coffee had been strong enough, it would have kept us awake.
C. The coffee was not good enough for us to keep awake. D. We were kept awake although the coffee was not strong.
Question 33: Question 32: Pauline was interested in the project. It was not abandoned.
A. No sooner had Pauline been interested in the project than it was abandoned.
B. Only when Pauline was interested in the project was it abandoned.
C. Not until Pauline was interested in the project that it was abandoned.
D. Had Pauline not been interested, the project would have been abandoned.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 34 to 38.
Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle and the Palace of Holyroodhouse are the official (34) ________ of the Sovereign and as such, serve as both home and office for the Queen, whose personal flag flies (35) ________ her Majesty is in residence.
These buildings are used extensively for State ceremonies and official entertaining and are opened to the (36) ________ as much as these commitments allow. They are furnished with fine pictures and (37) ________ of art from the Royal Collection, assembled over four centuries by successive sovereigns. Many of the State Apartments and rooms at the official residences have been in continuous use since their concept on and many of the paintings are (38) ________ in the rooms for which they were originally intended.
Question 34: A. venues B. residences C. situations D. occupation
Question 35: A. whatever B. however C. whoever D. whenever
Question 36: A. humans B. public C. peoples D. strangers
Question 37: A. paintings B. statues C. works D. jobs
Question 38: A. created B. explored C. produced D. displayed
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 39 to 44.
A number of factors related to the voice reveal the personality of the speaker. The first is the broad area of communication, which includes imparting information by use of language, communicating with a group or an individual and specialized communication through performance. A person conveys thoughts and ideas through choice of words, by a tone of voice that is pleasant or unpleasant, gentle or harsh, by the rhythm that is inherent within the language itself, and by speech rhythms that are flowing and regular or uneven and hesitant, and finally, by the pitch and melody of the utterance. When speaking before a group, a person’s tone may indicate uncertainty or fright, confidence or calm. At interpersonal levels, the tone may reflect ideas and feelings over and above the words chosen, or may believe them.
Here the participant’s tone can consciously or unconsciously reflect intuitive sympathy or antipathy, lack of concern or interest, fatigue, anxiety, enthusiasm or excitement, all of which are usually discernible by the acute listener. Public performance is a manner of communication that is highly specialized with its own techniques for obtaining effects by voice and /or gesture. The motivation derived from the text, and in the case of singing, the music, in combination with the performer’s skills, personality, and ability to create empathy will determine the success of artistic, political, or pedagogic communication. Second, the voice gives psychological clues to a person's self-image, perception of others, and emotional health. Self-image can be indicated by a tone of voice that is confident, pretentious, shy, aggressive, outgoing, or exuberant, to name only a few personality traits. Also the sound may give a clue to the facade or mask of that person, for example, a shy person hiding behind an overconfident front. How a speaker perceives the listener’s receptiveness, interest, or sympathy in any given conversation can drastically alter the tone of presentation, by encouraging or discouraging the speaker. Emotional health is evidenced in the voice by free and melodic sounds of the happy, by constricted and harsh sound of the angry, and by dull and lethargic qualities of the depressed.
Question 39: What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. The function of the voice in performance B. Communication styles
C. The connection between voice and personality D. The production of speech
Question 40: What does the author mean by stating that, “At interpersonal levels, tone may reflect ideas and feelings over and above the words chosen”? A. Feelings are expressed with different words than ideas are. B. The tone of voice can carry information beyond the meaning of words. C. A high tone of voice reflects an emotional communication.
D. Feelings are more difficult to express than ideas.
Question 41: Why does the author mention “artistic, political, or pedagogic communication”?
A. As examples of public performance. B. As examples of basic styles of communication.
C. To contrast them to singing. D. To introduce the idea of self-image.
Question 42: According to the passage, an exuberant tone of voice maY be an indication of a person’s ________.
A. general physical health B. personality C. ability to communicate D. vocal quality
Question 43: According to the passage, an overconfident front may hide ________.
A. hostility B. shyness C. friendliness D. strength
Question 44: According to the passage, what does a constricted and harsh voice indicate?
A. lethargy B. depression C. boredom D. anger
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 45 to 50.
U.N. Abandons Treaty to Ban Cloning
U.N. diplomats abandoned efforts to draft a treaty that would outlaw human cloning. They will likely settle for a weaker statement, and won’t seek a widespread ban, officials said. The debate began when Italy introduced a document into the U.N. to stop any attempt at cloning human life. The Belgians objected to the use of the term “human life” in the document, because they feared it would put a stop to all forms of human cloning.
There is near universal support among the United Nations’ 191 members for a ban on reproductive cloning-creating cloned babies. Many countries have wrestled over whether to allow cloning for stem cell and other types of research.  Indeed, many researchers believe that stem cells could be used to repair nerve tissue or cure diseases, including Alzheimer’s. Stem cells are taken from embryos and cloned, but extracting these cells kills the embryo. Opponents say that this is equal to murder.
Question 45: What is the main topic of this passage? A. a disagreement on cloning B. the definition of “life” C. reasons why cloning should be banned D. the arguments against cloning babies
Question 46: The word “it” in the text refers to ________. A. a ban B. an attempt at cloning human life
C. use of the phrase “human life” D. research
Question 47: Which of the following can be inferred from his passage? A. The production of cloned babies will probably be banned. B. No one knows what life is or when life begins. C. Cloning for medical research will probably be banned.
D. Most diseases will be cured through cloning.
Question 48: Why are some countries “wrestling” over whether to ban cloning or not? A. Because it is a very harmful process. B. Because they don’t want to upset the U.N. C. Because the issue is morally and legally difficult.
D. Because they want to fight with other countries over cloning.
Question 49: The phrase “universal support” means ________. A. every country is against the issue B. every country is for the issue C. there are equal numbers for and against the issue. D. none of the answers
Question 50: The word “extracting” in the passage is closest in meaning to ________.
A. growing B. removing C. curing D. killing
Collocation & Idiom:
excessive luggage = excessive baggage: hành lý quá trọng tải quy định
To be kind to somebody: đối xử tốt với ai
Can’t help + V-ing: không thể không
Splitting headache: đầu đau như búa bổ
once in a while: họa hoằn, đôi khi
an outline of the plot: mô tả tóm tắt về cốt truyện
works of art: tác phẩm nghệ thuật
Get on with something: tiến triển, tiến bộ trong việc gì
Call on: Thăm ai, xin giúp đỡ
Lay on: tổ chức, cung cấp
Look on: xem
Cấu trúc as if/ as though + V2/V-ed để giả định một điều không có thật ở hiện tại.
Câu bị động : Khi dịch sang tiếng Việt nếu có nghĩa BỊ/ĐƯỢC CÂU BỊ ĐÔNG
CÂU HỎI ĐUÔI: Chủ từ THERE trong câu thong báo CHĐ dung THERE
Rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ mang nghĩa chủ động: Dùng V-ing
GIỚI TỪ: KIND TO SOMEONE: tử tế với ai
CÂU SO SÁNH: Câu đề có THAN so sánh hơn. Tính từ ngắn them ER, tính từ dài thêm MORE đằng trước
Câu tường thuật với V-ing
THÌ: S + was/ were going to + V0: diễn tả 1 dự định trong quá khứ
PHỐI HỢP THÌ: Không dùng thì HTH với WHEN, không kết hợp thì quá khứ với HT
MẠO TỪ: + Thay vì dùng từ PER/ EVERY thì người Anh hay dùng mạo từ A/AN để thay thế. Ex: 2 days every week = 2 days a week (hai ngày trên 1 tuần)
+ luggage là DT không đếm được không dùng mạo từ A/AN.
Word form: + economy (n) nền kinh tế
+ economic (adj) thuộc về kinh tế
+ economical (adj) tiết kiệm
+ economics (n) kinh tế học
reveal: (v) để lộ
distort: bóp méo
disrupt: đập vỡ
venue: địa điểm
residence: nơi cư trú, nơi ở, dinh thự
undergrowth(n): bụi cây thấp
synopsis: bảng tóm tắt
tortuous (a): quanh co, xảo trá
torturous (a): đau đớn, thống khổ
aged(a): có độ tuổi
venue: địa điểm
residence: nơi cư trú, nơi ở, dinh thự
situation: trường hợp
occupation: nghề nghiệp
create (v) tạo ra
explore (v) khám phá
produce (v) sản xuất
display (v) trưng bày
ĐÁP ÁN ĐỀ SỐ 20
Question 20: Thành ngữ: splitting headache: đau đầu như búa bổ
Question 22: d. undergrowth: bụi cây thấp
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Câu 23: Đáp án B
A. Of course not, it’s not costly: Đương nhiên là không, nó không đắt đâu.
B. Right, fine away: Ừ, tốt thôi
C. What’s up? Có chuyện gì thế?
D. Not at all: Không có gì
Laura nói giống như xin phép Maria để được hỏi vài câu, rất lịch sự, trang trọng đặc biệt qua cụm từ would like to ask, để đáp lại một cách lịch sự như cách Laura hỏi, ta dùng B mà không dùng C dù theo nghĩa thì cũng không sai, nhưng cách nói này dùng trong khi thân mật, không cần giữ lịch sự, lễ phép.
Dịch nghĩa. Tôi có vài câu hỏi muốn hỏi bạn. - Ừ, tốt thôi.
Câu 24: Đáp án D
A. Forget about it. I didn’t mean so: Quên nó đi. Tôi không cố ý.
B. I highly appreciate what you did. Tôi đánh giá rất cao những gì bạn đã làm.
C. It doesn’t matter anyway: Dù sao thì nó cũng không quan trọng
D. Never mind. Đừng bận tâm.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35.
Câu 34: Đáp án B
A. venue: địa điểm
B. residence: nơi cư trú, nơi ở, dinh thự
C. situation: trường hợp
D. occupation: nghề nghiệp
Câu 35: Đáp án D
A. whatever: bất kể cái nào
B. however: bất kể như thế nào
C. whoever: bất kể ai
D. whenever: bất kể khi nào
Ở đây tác giả nói thời gian - bất cứ khi nào bà làm việc ở đó thì lá cờ đều bay - nên ta dùng whenever.
Câu 36: Đáp án B
A. human: con người
B. public: quần chúng (n), công khai (adj)
C. people: nhiều người (nếu thêm s vào people thì khi đó people có nghĩa là các dân tộc)
D. stranger: người lạ
Có từ the trước từ cần điền nên ta chọn public với tính năng là tính từ để tạo thành cụm the public. (đông đảo quần chúng, cộng đồng).
Câu 37: Đáp án C
A. painting: bức tranh vẽ
B. statue: tượng
C. work: công việc, tác phẩm
D. job: nghề nghiệp
Có cụm works of art: tác phẩm nghệ thuật
Câu 38: Đáp án D
A. create (v) tạo ra
B. explore (v) khám phá
C. produce (v) sản xuất
D. display (v) trưng bày
to display the paintings: trưng bày các bức tranh
Dinh thự hoàng gia
Cung điện Buckingham, lâu đài Windsor và Cung điện Holyroodhouse là những nơi ở chính của Hoàng Gia, đó cũng được dùng nhà và văn phòng của Nữ hoàng, lá cờ của dinh thự luôn tung bay mỗi khi người có mặt ở đó.
Những dinh thự này dược dùng để tổ chức những buổi kỉ niệm và giải trí trang trọng của bang và được mở công khai khi được cho phép. Chúng được trang trí với những bức tranh và tác phẩm nghệ thuật tinh tế từ bộ sưu tập Hoàng gia, sưu tầm từ hơn bốn thế kỉ bởi các nhà vua kế tiếp nhau. Nhiều bộ của bang và nhiều phòng ở khu dinh thự chính này được sử dụng liên tục từ khi lên ngôi và các bức họa dược trưng bày trong các phòng được thiết kế sẵn.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.
Câu 39: Đáp án C
Dịch nghĩa. Bài văn bàn luận về vấn đề gì?
A. Chức năng của giọng nói trong biểu diễn
B. Phong cách giao tiếp
C. Mối liên hệ giữa giọng nói và tính cách
D. Quá trình tạo ra giọng nói
Giải thích: Câu đầu tiên của đoạn đã giới thiệu chủ đề của đoạn là mối liên hệ giữa giọng nói và tính cách. Ngoài ra, đọc cả bài, ta thấy nội dung xoay quanh vấn đề này. Lựa chọn B, C, D không được đề cập.
Câu 40: Đáp án B
Dịch nghĩa. Tác giả có ý gì khi nói “At interpersonal levels, tone may reflect ideas and feelings over and above the words chosen” [Ở mức độ kết nối giữa cá nhân với nhau, giọng nói có thể phản ánh ý tưởng và cảm xúc tốt hơn cả những từ ngữ nói ra]?
A. Cảm xúc được diễn tả bằng nhiều từ hơn ý kiến.
B. Giọng điệu có thể chứa đựng nhiều thông tin hơn cả từ ngữ
C. Một tông giọng cao có thể thể hiện xúc cảm của giao tiếp.
D. Cảm giác khó thể hiện hơn ý tưởng.
Câu 41: Đáp án A
Dịch nghĩa. Tại sao tác giả lại đề cập “artistic, political, or pedagogic communication” [giao tiếp trên phương diện nghệ thuật, chính trị, giáo dục]?
A. Như là ví dụ cho những màn công diễn
B. Như là ví dụ cho những loại giao tiếp cơ bản
C. Để so sánh với hát
D. Để giới thiệu về thông điệp hình ảnh cá nhân
Giải thích: “giao tiếp trên p