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ĐỀ MINH HỌA 35
GV: TRANG ANHĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA
NĂM HỌC: 2019 – 2020
MÔN: TIẾNG ANH
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút; không kể thời gian phát đềMark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Câu 1. A. primary B. hike C. linguistics D. divide
Câu 2. A. promises B. realizes C. devises D. socializes
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
Câu 3. A. indoor B. damage C. despite D. canal
Câu 4. A. generous B. extensive C. resources D. eternal
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Câu 5. The kids ________ to get up this morning. It _______ and it was cold, and their bed was so warm.
A. don't want / is raining B. didn’t want / rained
C. weren't wanting / rained D. didn't want / was raining
Câu 6. Almost 50 per cent of cancer _______ are treated successfully.
A. sufferers B. patients C. victims D. invalids
Câu 7. I don't know why you insist ________ blaming me ________ all my troubles.
A. on / for B. in / for C. at / on D. over / for
Câu 8. The fifth generation computers, with artificial intelligence, _________ and perfected now.
A. developed B. have developed
C. are being developed D. will have been developed
Câu 9. These trainers are the _________ article. Those others are just cheap imported copies.
A. real B. existent C. authentic D. genuine
Câu 10. A love marriage, however, does not necessarily ________ much sharing of interests and responsibilities.
A. take over B. result in C. hold on D. keep to
Câu 11. __________ of the brothers wants to give in. Both are as stubborn as mules.
A. None B. Either C. Neither D. Each
Câu 12. The bridge will be completed at the end of next year, two years_________.
A. hence B. thus C. consequently D. therefore
Câu 13. We bought both sofas from __________ big furniture warehouse that's just off the motorway.
A. some B. the C. a D. 0
Câu 14. It is __________ that you are cordially invited to attend.
A. at our annual wine-tasting evening B. on our annual wine-tasting evening
C. in our annual wine-tasting evening D. our annual wine-tasting evening
Câu 15. ___________ are that they'll be late anyway, so we’d better wait for them for another moment.
A. Opportunities B. Chances C. Fortunes D. Lucks
Câu 16. When my parents traveled to Singapore, they bought me a __________ piano on my birthday.
A. precious grand ancient wooden B. wooden grand ancient precious
C. precious ancient grand wooden D. ancient grand precious wooden
Câu 17. Strangely, no one believed us when we told them we'd been visited by a creature from Mars, __________?
A. didn’t we B. did we C. did they D. didn’t they
Câu 18. Urbanization has resulted in _____________problems besides the benefits.
A. vary B. various C. variety D. variability
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 19. She must have gotten up on the wrong side of the bed; normally she is very friendly, but she seems to be screaming at everyone today.
A. have a bad day from the moment it begins B. was in a bad mood
C. felt irritable D. all are correct
Câu 20. The changing physical landscape reflected the shift to an urbanized society. Railroad terminals, factories, skyscrapers, apartment houses, streetcars, electric engines, department stores, and the increased pace of life were all signs of an emerging urban America.
A. position B. resource C. change D. returns
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 21. Rather than assuming responsibility for explaining corporate losses, the CEO passed the buck to his CFO to explain the downturn.
A. denied responsibilities
B. shifted the responsibility for something to someone else
C. made someone responsible for a problem that you should deal with
D. shouldered the blame
Câu 22. It is believed that conflicts between parents and children can be resolved by means of heart-to-heart talks.
A. harmony B. disagreements C. differences D. similarities
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
At present, single-parent families ought to be of great focus, be recognized and supported as they are a growing family form and should not be an afterthought in family, economic and labor market policies. Single parent families should be (1) ___________ considered and addressed in all family policy discussions and decisions. (2)____________, home-care cash allowances, which are paid to a parent who abstains from employment to take care for her child at home, can have significant consequences encouraging lower levels of female employment among single-parent families, (3)____________ in turn results in higher childhood poverty. In this regard, work-life balance policies and workplace practices also need to (4)____________ a single-parent perspective, for example, the impact of non-standard work hours when childcare is not available.
The provision of educational and skill-building opportunities and affordable quality day care become even more urgent in families with single parents. Such families should have a higher priority and subsidized access to childcare facilities. Governmental agencies should be established (5)____________ child support payment from non-resident parents in case of conflicts, disagreements or delayed payments, e.g., after a divorce or separation.
Câu 23. (1) A. implicitly B. clearly C. indirectly D. completely
Câu 24. (2) A. For instance B. However C. Moreover D. Therefore
Câu 25. (3) A. who B. whose C. which D. that
Câu 26. (4) A. take responsible for B. take in hand
C. take no notice of D. take account of
Câu 27. (5) A. to facilitate B. facilitating C. facilitated D. facilitate
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Câu 28. The survey shows that today's generation of young people generally get along well with their parents and appreciate the way they're being risen.
A. today's generation B. get along C. appreciate D. being risen
Câu 29. His parents asked him to buy books which he found them useful and necessary for his study.
A. to buy B. them C. necessary D. study
Câu 30. Neither the clerks nor the department manager are being considered for promotion this time.
A. nor B. department C. are D. for promotion
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
There are many different metaphors used to describe culture. My favorite one is the iceberg. I think, it demonstrates so vividly what can happen to us if we believe only in the visible and ignore or underestimate the invisible part. The hidden part of our culture is that part which we know instinctively because we absorbed it from childhood on. It's handed down to us from generation to generation. We could also say, it's the "thinking" and "feeling" part of culture: habits, assumptions, attitudes, desires, values, tastes, etc.
Now, if we are in a new culture, our customary evaluations and interpretations are likely not to be on target because we see everything through our own cultural glasses. Imagine yourself in a new city trying to get around with a map from your own hometown. It wouldn't take long for you to get lost and completely frustrated! When we experience an encounter in the new culture that puzzles us, the most common reaction is to judge it through our own cultural glasses.
I want to propose an alternate approach to our initial gut reaction. Instead of immediately and instinctively judging a situation through our own glasses, we might first just pause and notice what is happening and then realize that this is a cultural learning situation. Remember the iceberg metaphor! The new culture becomes your mirror that shows you a hidden part of your own culture. What an opportunity for personal growth and new insight! You can compare two different approaches, that of the new culture and of your own culture. This gives you a choice. Now you can decide what fits best for you or even take the best from both sides.
Câu 31. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. The simplicity of culture. B. The personal definition of culture.
C. Culture as a socializing tool. D. The open surface of culture.
Câu 32. The word “vividly” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. clearly B. vaguely C. boringly D. warmly
Câu 33. According to paragraph 2, what is the most common reaction when experiencing cultural differences?
A. People accept the cultural distinction with modern open-mindedness.
B. People imitate the behaviors and patterns of the observed local citizens.
C. People use a map and ask around for more information.
D. People continue to apply their own cultural norms on the newly met situations.
Câu 34. The word “it” in paragraph 2 refers to _______.
A. map B. culture C. reaction D. encounter
Câu 35. According to paragraph 3, what is the advice for people facing unfamiliar cultural events?
A. Making friends with local people helps people familiarize with the culture better.
B. It’s advisable to learn about a culture before travelling to exotic places.
C. It’s a real win-win situation to combine the knowledge from different cultures.
D. Sometimes it is wise to judge from your own cultural lens and sometime it isn’t.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
From smartphones and tablets to apps and social media, society is ambushed from all sides with technology. Naturally, all generations embrace it differently, with younger “digital natives” generally being more connected, more switched-on and more tech literate than older age groups.
According to Pew Research, 92% of Millennials (born 1981–1996) own smartphones, compared with 85% of Gen Xers (born 1965–1980) and 67% of Baby Boomers (born 1946–1964). In terms of tech behavior, older generations tend to use their phones mostly for making calls, whereas for younger generations, a phone is their digital window to the world. Phones are used for social media, going online, texting, emailing, playing games, listening to music, and recording and watching videos.
The daily media consumption of different generations also vastly differs. Gen Z and Millennials favor streaming and online services, with 46% of teens saying they use Netflix compared to 31% of those aged over 16. Furthermore, 16-24s spend 30% of their downtime watching TV or video, compared to 40% of time spent on these activities by the average UK adult. Boomers spend a whopping 344 minutes a day watching regular TV, significantly more than any other age group.
Size also matters more depending on your decade of birth. Younger generations prefer smaller screens sizes, opting for a smartphone as their go-to tech, while Generation X and technology newbies - the Boomers, are going bigger, owning more desktops and tablets. Always in the front of the queue for the hottest tech, younger generations see technology as an integral part of their existence, and since few Millennials and Gen Z can remember a time without social media, they’re more fearless and carefree when it comes to technology. So much so, that a LivePerson report revealed 65% of Millennials and Gen Z interact more with each other online than they do in the real world.
Fundamentally, these behaviors and preferred technologies combine to create a technological generation gap, where employees, shaped by their personal experiences, demonstrate different levels of ability and willingness to adopt new tech. Constantly chasing the next update or device, switched on Millennials and Gen Z are quick to lap up the latest apps, games, and platforms, while Gen X and Boomers are generally slower to embrace technology - both at home and in the workplace.
Câu 36. Which best serves as the title for the passage?
A. Bridging the technological generation gap.
B. Decoding the ethical generational gap.
C. The technological generation gap in family life.
D. What is the technological generation gap?
Câu 37. The word “it” in paragraph 1 refers to _____.
A. window B. media C. society D. technology
Câu 38. According to paragraph 2, what is the technological characteristic of Millennials?
A. They are hesitant when discussing about technology.
B. They are dependent on smartphones for almost every activity.
C. They are optimistic about technology’s benefits to society.
D. They are ignorant to the older ones’ advice about technology.
Câu 39. The word “downtime” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _______.
A. spare time B. inactivity C. suspension D. stay
Câu 40. According to paragraph 4, which statement is correct about different generations and their gap?
A. Boomers are willing to queue overnight for a state-of-the-art mobile gadgets.
B. Millennials and Gen Z are more accustomed to face-to-face than messaging.
C. iPhones and other mobile devices are a necessary part of life by young people.
D. Younger generations prefer bigger technological devices over portable ones.
Câu 41. The word “embrace” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to _______.
A. reject B. include C. cuddle D. adopt
Câu 42. Which of the following statements is TRUE, according to the passage?
A. Younger people always know more about technology than the older generation does.
B. Digital savviness decrease with age is a major misunderstanding caused by media.
C. The generation users are born into affects their choices for size of technological gadgets.
D. Netflix is among the streaming services preferred by the Millennial generation.
Câu 43. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A. There's a huge disparity in attitudes towards technology among different age groups.
B. The difference in digital literacy and ability between generations is negligible.
C. Generation gap issues in work life can result in workplace tensions and hinder team collaboration.
D. Catering for the diverse digital habits and capabilities of individual students is essential.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Câu 44. It wasn’t her who you saw in her office last Friday because she she's been out of town for two weeks.
A. You needn’t have seen her in her office last Friday; she's been out of town for two weeks.
B. You shouldn’t have seen her in her office last Friday; she's been out of town for two weeks.
C. You can’t have seen her in her office last Friday; she's been out of town for two weeks.
D. You mustn’t have seen her in her office last Friday; she's been out of town for two weeks.
Câu 45. “Everyone treated me unfairly”, said she.
A. She maintains to have been treated unfairly.
B. She maintains to be treating unfairly.
C. She maintains that she had been treated unfairly.
D. She maintains she was treated unfairly.
Câu 46. He was working abroad, so he couldn’t willingly help us with the project.
A. If he hadn’t worked abroad, he would willingly have helped with us the project.
B. If it hadn’t been for the fact that he was working abroad, he would willingly have helped us with the project.
C. Hadn’t he been working abroad, he would willingly have helped us with the project.
D. Without working abroad, he could willingly help us with the project.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the option that best completes following exchanges.
Câu 47. - X: “Are you going to your family reunion this Christmas holiday?"
- Y: “_________________________________.”
A. As a matter of fact, I don't mind it at all.
B. I do. I've been excited about it now.
C. However. My parents and I are going to take
D. You bet. All my uncles and aunts will take their children along, too.
Câu 48. - X: "What's the problem, Harry?"
A. No problem B. No trouble at all
C. Thank you for asking me about it D. I can't remember where I left my glasses
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Câu 49. Mariah sings well. She writes good songs, too.
A. Mariah can either sing well or write good songs.
B. Mariah can neither sing well or write good songs.
C. Not only does Mariah sing well but she also writes good songs.
D. Not only does Mariah sing well but she write good songs as well.
Câu 50. How about having these exercises finished before playing games?
A. I suggest you play games before finishing these exercise.
B. I suggest these exercises finish before we play games.
C. Let's play games before having these exercises finished.
D. I suggest playing games after having these exercises finished.
1 C2 A3 B4 A5 D6 A7 A8 C9 D10 B11 C12 A13 C14 D15 B16 A17 C18 B19 C20 C21 D22 A23 B24 A25 C26 D27 A28 D29 B30 C31 B32 A33 D34 D35 C36 D37 D38 B39 A40 C41 D42 C43 A44 C45 D46 B47 D48 D49 C50 D
LỜI GIẢI CHI TIẾT
Câu 1: Đáp án C
Kiến thức về phát âm của nguyên âm
A. primary /ˈpraɪ.mər.i/
B. hike /haɪk/
C. linguistics /lɪŋˈɡwɪs.tɪks/
D. divide /dɪˈvaɪd/
Câu 2: Đáp án A
Kiến thức về phát âm của đuôi -es
Khi các từ có âm kết thúc là /s/, /z/, /ʃ/, /ʒ/, /tʃ/, /dʒ/ → Phát âm là /ɪz/
Khi các từ có âm kết thúc là /p/, /k/, /f/, /t/, /θ/ → Phát âm là /s/
Các trường hợp còn lại → Phát âm là /z/
Câu 3: Đáp án B
Kiến thức về trọng âm
A. indoor /ˌɪnˈdɔːr/: từ này có trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai. Vì theo quy tắc trọng âm ưu tiên rơi vào nguyên âm dài /ɔː/.
B. damage /ˈdæm.ɪdʒ/: từ này có trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ nhất. Vì theo quy tắc nếu tất cả các âm mà ngắn hết thì trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết đầu.
C. despite /dɪˈspaɪt/: từ này có trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai. Vì theo quy tắc trọng âm ưu tiên rơi vào nguyên âm đôi /ai/.
D. canal /kəˈnæl/: từ này có trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai. Vì theo quy tắc trọng âm không rơi vào nguyên âm /ə/
=> Phương án B có trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết đầu, các phương án còn lại trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai.
Câu 4: Đáp án A
Kiến thức về trọng âm
A. generous /ˈdʒen.ər.əs/: từ này có trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ nhất. Vì theo quy tắc đuôi –ous và –er không ảnh hưởng đến trọng âm của từ.
B. extensive /ɪkˈsten.sɪv/: từ này có trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai. Vì theo quy tắc đuôi –ive làm trọng âm rơi vào trước âm đó.
C. resources /rɪˈzɔː.sɪz/: từ này có trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai. Vì theo quy tắc trọng âm ưu tiên rơi vào nguyên âm dài /ɔː/.
D. eternal /ɪˈtɜː.nəl/: từ này có trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai. Vì theo quy tắc trọng âm ưu tiên rơi vào nguyên âm dài /ɜː/.
=> Phương án A có trọng âm rơi vào âm đầu, các phương án còn lại trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai.
Câu 5: Đáp án D
Kiến thức về thì động từ
Tạm dịch: Những đứa trẻ không muốn thức dậy vào buổi sáng này. Ngoài trời đang mưa và lạnh, và cái giường của chúng thì thật là ấm áp.
- Căn cứ vào “this morning” nên động từ trong câu chia ở thì quá khứ đơn. Từ đó, ta loại A, C.
- Lúc bọn trẻ phải thức dậy là ngoài trời đang mưa -> hành động mưa đang diễn ra -> quá khứ tiếp diễn
=> Đáp án là D
Cấu trúc khác cần lưu ý:
Want to do sth: muốn làm gì
Câu 6: Đáp án A
Kiến thức về từ vựng
A. Sufferer /ˈsʌf.ər.ər/ (n): người mắc phải một căn bệnh nào đó
B. Patient /ˈpeɪ.ʃənt/ (n): bệnh nhân (được chăm sóc bởi một bác sĩ cụ thể)
C. Victim /ˈvɪk.tɪm/ (n): nạn nhân
D. Invalid /ˈɪn.və.lɪd/ (n): người tàn tật, người tàn phế
Tạm dịch: Gần năm