Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your
answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Body postures and movements are
frequently indicators of self-confidence, energy, fatigue, or status.
Cognitively, gestures operate to clarify, contradict, or replace verbal
messages. Gestures also serve an important function with regard to regulating
the flow of conversation. For example, if a student is talking about something
in front of the class, single nods of the head from the teacher will likely
cause that student to continue and perhaps more elaborate. Postures as well as
gestures are used to indicate attitudes, status, affective moods, approval,
deception, warmth, arid other variables related to conversation interaction.
The saying “A picture is worth a
thousand words” well describes the meaning of facial expressions. Facial
appearance – including wrinkles, muscle tone, skin coloration, and eye
color-offers enduring cues that reveal information about age, sex, race, ethnic
origin, and status.
A less permanent second set of
facial cues-including length of hair, hairstyle, cleanliness, and facial
hair-relate to an individual’s idea of beauty. A third group of facial markers
are momentary expressions that signal that cause changes in the forehead,
eyebrows, eyelids, cheeks, nose, lips, and chin, such as raising the eyebrows,
wrinkling the brow, curling the lip.
Some facial expressions are readily
visible, while others are fleeting. Both types can positively or negatively
reinforce the spoken words and convey cues concerning emotions and attitudes.
Câu hỏi: A nod of the head from the teacher will likely ask his student to
__________ what he is saying.