these words". "Learn this spelling rule". "Don't forget
about the quiz tomorrow".
remember things every day, but how do you do it?
want to call a store or an office that you don't call often, you look in the
telephone book for the number. You dial the number, and then you forget it! You
use your short-term memory to remember the number. Your short-term memory lasts
about 30 seconds, or half a minute. However, you don't need to look in the
telephone book for your best friend’s number because you already know it. This
information is in your long-term memory. Your long-term memory has everything
that you remember through the years.
Why do you
forget things sometimes? Is there a reason? Yes, there are several. The major
reason for forgetting something is that you did not learn it well in the
beginning. For example, you meet some new people, and right away, you forget
their names. You hear the names but you do not learn them, so you forget
help yourself remember better. Here are some ideas:
1. Move information from your short-term memory to your
long-term memory. You can do this if you practice the new information. Say it
to yourself out loud. Think about it.
2. After you learn something, study it again and again.
Learn it more than you need to. This process is called overlearning. For example,
when you learn new words, practice using them in sentences. Don't try to
memorize words from a list only.
3. Make sure that you understand new information. It is very
difficult to remember something that you don't understand. Ask questions when
you learn something new to be certain that you understand.
4. Do not listen to music or watch TV when you study. You
will remember better if you concentrate on one thing at a time.
5. Try to connect new information with something that you
already know. For example, when you learn the name of a new kind of food, think
of a similar kind of food that you already know.
6. Divide new information into several parts (about five or
six). Learn one part at time and stop for few minutes. Don't sit down and try
to learn a very large amount of new information all at once.
7. Try to make a picture in your mind. For example, if you
hear or see a new word, make a picture of how it looks to you in your mind.
This “mental” picture will help you remember that word the next time you see or
What is the main idea of the passage?