Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits euch of the numbered blanks from 25 to 29.
Effects of television on childhood literacy
Nowadays, television occupies a large portion of children's time. From when they start in preschool, children spend more time watching television than participating in any other (25)___ except sleeping. (26)___ , this is not necessarily a bad thing.
The results of some research suggest that there is considerable overlap between the comprehension processes activated while reading and the processes (27)_____take place during a period of television viewing. If this is so, it may very well be the case that children who learn comprehension skills from television viewing before they are ready to read are (28)______with some some very important tools when they later learn to read. It has been noted that children are frequently better at recalling televised stories they have watched compared to those they have simply heard. Due to the fact that it is a visual medium, television can present information more concretely than written and spoken text, making it an ideal medium in which to (29) _____ some of the skills and knowledge needed for later reading.
(Adapted from "Complete Advanced" by Laura Matthews and Barbars Thomas)
Mark the letter A, B, C or
D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITTE in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. We have to take on extra
staff to deal with the increased workload.
Exercise 1: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
(1)_______ in technology have made a lot of changes to our everyday lifestyles, but one of the biggest has got to be how we read books. Since the invention of the e–book, there has been a significant change to our reading habits. Given the choice between taking a couple of heavy paperbacks on holiday or an e–book device like a Kindle, most of us, including our parents and grandparents, would unsurprisingly opt (2) _______ the Kindle.But what would our lives be like with no books at all? It’s a (3) _______ question. Someeducational specialists are making predictions that in the future we won’t even see books in classrooms – everything will be done online! (4) _______ of the idea of getting rid of books say that there will always be a need for paper–based versions of materials. However, to be realistic, we have to accept that there is a (5) _______ chance that in a decade’s time schools and classrooms will be book–free! What do you think of that?
It can take a long time to become successful in your chosen field, however talented you are. One thing you have to be (26) _______ of is that you will face criticism along the way. The world is full (27) _______ people who would rather say something negative than positive. If you’ve made up your mind to achieve a certain goal, such as writing a novel, don’t let the negative criticism of others prevent you from reaching your target, and let the constructive criticism have a positive effect on your work. If someone says you’re totally in the lack of talent, ignore them. That’s negative criticism. If (28), _______, someone advises you to revise your work and gives you a good reason for doing so, you should consider their suggestions carefully. There are many film stars who were once out of work. There are many famous novelists who made a complete mess of their first novel – or who didn’t, but had to keep on approaching hundreds of publishers before they could get it published. Being successful does depend on luck, to a (29) _______ extent. But things are more likely to (30) _______ well if you persevere and stay positive.
30. A. sail through B. come into C. deal with D. turn out