Đề thi THPT Quốc Gia lần 1 năm 2019 môn Tiếng Anh sở GD - ĐT Bắc Giang
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 1 to 14
Question 1: The city centre was quite a ______ away from my house. It takes me nearly an hour to drive there.
A. distance B. space C. length D. journey
Question 2: The equator is an ______ line that divides the earth into two.
A. imagination B. imaginative C. imaginary D. imaginable
Question 3: British and Australian people share the same language, but in other respects they are as different as ______.
A. chalk and cheese B. salt and pepper C. here and there D. cats and dogs
Question 4: Human activities are also blamed ______ contributing to global warming.
A. at B. with C. for D. on
Question 5: The leaves of the white mulberry provide food for silkworms, ______ silk fabrics are woven.
A. from cocoons B. whose cocoons
C. from whose cocoons D. whose cocoons are from
Question 6: We ____ our classroom for the upcoming Teachers' Day, but there's still a lot to do.
A. decorated B. have been decorating
C. are decorating D. have decorated
Question 7: When ______ about their preferences for movies, many young people say that they are in favour of science fiction.
A. having asked B. asking C. asked D. are asked
Question 8: A newborn baby can neither walk nor crawl. A newborn tiger, ______, can run within minutes of birth.
A. therefore B. even though C. otherwise D. however
Question 9: The first week of classes at university was a little ______because so many students get lost, change classes or go to the wrong place.
A. disarranged B. chaotic C. uncontrolled D. famous
Question 10: Mike accidentally broke the _______ stepping on it. He apologised to them for his carelessness.
A. children’s toy B. child’s toy C. child’s toys D. children’s toys
Question 11: I don’t like ______ of these two restaurants. I prefer another one.
A. neither B. either C. any D. one
Question 12: If the world’s tropical forests continue to disappear at their present rate, many animal species _____ extinct.
A. Became B. will become C. would become D. would have become
Question 13: Tom went to the dentist to have his decayed tooth ______ as he couldn’t stand the toothache.
A. relieved B. ruined C. destroyed D. extracted
Question 14: All flights ______ because of the snowstorm, we decided to take the train.
A. having been cancelled B. had been cancelled
C. were cancelled D. having cancelled
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions
Question 15: Many people perished in the Kobe earthquake because they were not prepared for it.
A. survived B. departed C. lost their lives D. declined
Question 16: Many women prefer to use cosmetics to enhance their beauty and make them look younger.
A. improve B. maximize C. enrich D. worsen
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 17 to 21.
Sociologists have been carrying out research into the social pressures of being a teenager. Many adolescents are unhappy at school because they find it difficult to (17) ______ friends. This stress can bring on illness or result in poor grades. They may also worry about their appearance and often feel (18) ______enormous pressure to dress, talk and behave the same as (19) ______. This phenomenon is called peer pressure, and it is very common in today’s society. Advertising contributes a lot to the social pressures teenagers feel. Advertisers know how important it is to feel that you belong to a group when you are in your teens, so they try to persuade teenagers that certain products will make them (20) ______ with their classmates. Sadly, many teenagers act irresponsibly and even do dangerous things just to make others accept them. Peer pressure is often the reason for teenage smoking, drug (21) ______ or dangerous driving. Teenagers need to learn to say no to social pressure and to find friends who they can talk things over with when they have a problem.
Question 17: A. make B. keep C. remain D. create
Question 18: A. under B. below C. in D. over
Question 19: A. another B. others C. the other D. other
Question 20: A. popular B. common C. favourite D. open
Question 21: A. overuse B. overdose C. addict D. abuse
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 22 to 26.
When another old cave is discovered in the south of France, it is not unusual news. Rather, it is an ordinary event. Such discoveries are so frequent these days that hardly anybody pays heed to them. However, when the Lascaux cave complex was discovered in 1940, the world was amazed. Painted directly on its walls were hundreds of scenes showing how people lived thousands of years ago. The scenes show people hunting animals, such as bison or wild cats. Other images depict birds and, most noticeably, horses, which appear in more than 300 wall images, by far outnumbering all other animals. Early artists drawing these animals accomplished a monumental and difficult task. They did not limit themselves to the easily accessible walls but carried their painting materials to spaces that required climbing steep walls or crawling into narrow passages in the Lascaux
complex. Unfortunately, the paintings have been exposed to the destructive action of water and temperature changes, which easily wear the images away. Because the Lascaux caves have many entrances, air movement has also damaged the images inside. Although they are not out in the open air, where natural light would have destroyed them long ago, many of the images have been deteriorated and are barely recognizable. To prevent further damage, the site was closed to tourists in 1963, 23 years after it was discovered.
Question 22: Which title best summarizes the main idea of the passage?
A. Hidden prehistoric paintings. B. Wild animals in art.
C. Exploring caves respectfully. D. Determining the age of French caves.
Question 23: The phrase pays heed to in the passage is closest in meaning to ______.
A. buys B. watches C. notices D. discovers
Question 24: Why was painting inside the Lascaux cave complex a difficult task?
A. Painting materials were hard to find. B. Many painting spaces were difficult to
C. The caves were full of wild animals. D. It was completely dark inside.
Question 25: The pronoun They in the passage refers to ______.
A. walls B. animals C. materials D. artists
Question 26: According to the passage, what happened at the Lascaux caves in 1963?
A. A new lighting system was installed. B. Another part was discovered.
C. A new entrance was created. D. Visitors were prohibited from entering.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions
Question 27: A. enjoyed B. shared C. sacrificed D. appalled
Question 28: A. bridegroom B. obliged C. primary D. kindergarten
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 29 to 36.
What is commonly called pepper in reality comes from two very different families of plants. Black and white pepper both come from the fruit of the Piper nigrum, a vine with fruits called peppercorns. The peppercorns turn from green to red as they ripen and finally blacken as they dry out. The dried-out peppercorns are ground to obtain black pepper. White pepper, which has a more subtle flavour than black pepper, comes from the same peppercorns as black pepper. To obtain white pepper, the outer hull of the peppercorn, the pericarp, is removed before the peppercorn is ground. Red and green pepper, on the other hand, come from a completely different family from black and white pepper. Red and green peppers are from the genus Capsicum. Plants of this type generally have tiny white flowers and fruit which can be any of a number of colours, shapes and sizes. These peppers range in flavour from very mild and sweet to the most incredibly burning taste imaginable. Bell peppers are the most mild, while habaneros are the most burning.
Christopher Columbus is responsible for the present-day confusion over what pepper is. The Piper nigrum variety of pepper was highly valued for centuries, and high demand for pepper by Europeans was a major cause of the fifteen-century push to locate ocean routes to the spice-growing regions of Asia. When Columbus arrived in the New World in 1492, he was particularly interested in finding black pepper because of the high price it would command in Europe. Columbus came across plants from the Capsicum family in use among people of the New World, and he incorrectly identified them as relatives of black pepper. Columbus introduced the spicy Capsicum chili peppers to Europeans on his return from the
1492 voyage, and traders later spread them to Asia and Africa. These Capsicum peppers have continued to be called peppers in spite of the fact that they are not related to the black and white pepper of the Piper nigrum family.
Question 29: The purpose of this passage is to ______.
A. provide the scientific classification of various types of peppers
B. classify the variety of sizes, shapes and colours of peppers
C. demonstrate that it was Columbus who brought peppers to Europe
D. explain why there is confusion today over peppers
Question 30: The word turn could best be replaced by ______.
A. revert B. veer C. exchange D. change
Question 31: According to the passage, both black and white peppers ______.
A. have the same flavour B. come from different plants
C. change colours after they are ground D. are ground from dried-out peppercorns
Question 32: What part of the Piper nigrum is the pericarp?
A. The seed inside the fruit. B. The seed inside the fruit.
C. The pulp inside the vine. D. The outer covering of the fruit.
Question 33: What usually does NOT vary in a Capsicum plant?
A. The size of the fruit. B. The colour of the flower.
C. The colour of the fruit. D. The shpe of the fruit.
Question 34: The word push could best be replaced by ______.
A. hit B. drive C. shove D. strength
Question 35: The pronoun them refers to ______.
A. Europeans B. plants C. people D. relatives
Question 36: It can be inferred from the passage that chili peppers originally came from ______.
A. Europe B. Asia C. America D. Africa
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 37: As soon as she had passed her driving test, Maria received a car.
A. No sooner had Maria passed her driving test than she was given a car.
B. It was not until Maria received a car that she passed her driving test.
C. Maria got a car and quickly passed her driving test.
D. Maria was not able to get a car until she passed her driving test.
Question 38: Several studies have confirmed that appropriate sun exposure actually helps prevent skin cancer.
A. It has been confirmed that several studies actually help prevent skin cancer with appropriate sun exposure.
B. Appropriate sun exposure has been affirmed to prevent skin cancer and confirmed several studies.
C. Several studies have confirmed that skin cancer can be actually prevented with
appropriate sun exposure.
D. Several studies with appropriate sun exposure have confirmed to help prevent skin cancer.
Question 39: It was overeating that caused his heart attack.
A. If he had overeaten, he would have had a heart attack.
B. If he didn’t overeat, he wouldn’t have a heart attack.
C. If he hadn’t overeaten, he wouldn’t have had a heart attack.
D. If he overate, he would have a heart attack.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 40: A. vulnerable B. compulsory C. diversity D. incredible
Question 41: A. provide B. broaden C. succeed D. pursue
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pairs of sentences in the following questions.
Question 42: The essay is too short. It can’t be given a high grade.
A. It is too short an essay to earn a high grade.
B. The essay needs to be shorter to receive a high grade.
C. Even if it were longer, the essay wouldn’t get a high grade.
D. The essay is so short that it can be given a high grade.
Question 43: Edward booked the tickets without asking us first. It was wrong of him to do so.
A. Before asking us, Edward should have booked the tickets.
B. Edward need not have asked us before he booked the tickets.
C. Edward booked the tickets after he had asked us about them.
D. Edward oughtn’t to have booked the ticket without asking us first.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 44: Surrounded by forested mountain slopes are the town of Telluride, a former gold-mining town 7,500 feet above sea level.
Question 45: Animism is the belief that objects and natural phenomena such as rivers, rocks and wind are live and have feelings.
Question 46: The island of Kauai has much streams, some of which have worn deep canyons into the rock.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 47: My dad got into trouble sometimes because he didn’t suffer fools gladly. He would be very direct with people if he didn’t agree with them and that would sometimes cause offense.
A. felt bad around foolish people B. acted like idiots don’t exist
C. was harsh to people who seem idiotic D. was understanding towards the less clever
Question 48: Readers are required to abide by the rules of the library and mind their manners.
A. review B. memorize C. obey D. compose
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges
Question 49: Two friends Diana and Anna are talking about one of their classmates.
- Diana: “Joana is so hard-working; she maintains good scores all the time.”
- Anna: “______”
A. Sorry, but I didn’t mean to hurt you. B. She’s acing all the tests!
C. Yes, she looks so lovely. D. Thank you for that.
Question 50: - Salesgirl: “Can I help you? We’ve some new shirts here.”
- Customer: “OK, thanks. ______”
A. We are just looking. B. Mind your own business.
C. We will order later. D. Take care of yourself.
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1. A 2. C 3. A 4. C 5. C
6. B 7. C 8. D 9. B 10. A
11. B 12. B 13. D 14. A 15. A
16. D 17. A 18. A 19. B 20. A
21. D 22. A 23. C 24. B 25. D
26. D 27. C 28. D 29. D 30. D
31. D 32. D 33. B 34. B 35. B
36. C 37. A 38. C 39. C 40. A
41. B 42. A 43. D 44. B 45. C
46. A 47. C 48. C 49. B 50. A