Du lịch sinh thái

  1. Từ vựng:

- adapt /əˈdæpt/ (v): sửa lại cho phù hợp, thích nghi

- biosphere reserve /ˈbaɪəʊsfɪə(r)rɪˈzɜːv/(n): khu dự trữ sinh quyển

- discharge /dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒ/ (v) : thải ra, xả ra

- eco-friendly /ˌiːʊˈfrendli/(adj): thân thiện với môi trường

- ecology /iˈkɒlədʒi/ (n): hệ sinh thái

- ecotourism /ˈiːʊtʊərɪzəm/ (n) : du lịch sinh thái

- entertain /ˌentəˈteɪn/(v): tiếp đãi, giải trí

- exotic /ɪɡˈzɒtɪk/ (adj) : từ nước ngoài dựa vào; đẹp kì lạ

- fauna /ˈfɔːnə/ (n): hệ động vật

- flora /ˈflɔːrə/(n): hệ thực vật

- impact /ˈɪmpækt/(n): ảnh hưởng

- sustainable/səˈsteɪnəbl/ (adj): không gây hại cho môi trường; bền vững

- tour guide /tʊə(r)ɡaɪd/ (n): hướng dẫn viên du lịch


  1. Ngữ pháp:


Câu điều kiện - Loại 1

Câu điều kiện - Loại 2

Dùng khi

Diễn tả điều kiện có thể hoặc không thể thực hiện trong tương lai.

Diễn tả điều kiện không có thật thường được dùng để nói lên sự tưởng tượng của người nói (điều kiện không thể xảy ra ở hiện tại hoặc ở tương lai).

Cấu trúc

If + S1 + V (HTĐ), S2 + will/may/can/could + (not) + V1

If + S1 + V (QKĐ)

S2 + would/ could/ might + verb


- If I have the money, I will buy a big house.

Nếu tôi có tiền, tôi sẽ mua một căn nhà lớn.

- I will be late for work if you don’t drive faster.

Tôi sẽ bị trễ làm nếu bạn không lái xe nhanh lên.

- If I were you, I would buy that bicycle.

Nếu tôi là bạn, tôi sẽ mua chiếc xe đạp đó.


- If I became rich, I would spend all my time travelling.

Nếu tôi giàu, tôi sẽ dành tất cả thời gian để đi du lịch


  1. Bài tập:

Bài tập 1: Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc với câu điều kiện loại 1

  1. If I (study), I (pass) the exams.
  2. If the sun (shine), we (walk) into town.
  3. If he (have) a temperature, he (see) the doctor.
  4. If my friends (come), I (be) very happy.
  5. If she (earn) a lot of money, she (fly) to New York.
  6. If we (travel) to Hanoi, we (visit) the museums.
  7. If you (wear) sandals in the mountains, you (slip) on the rocks.
  8. If Giang (forget) her homework, the teacher (give) her a low mark.
  9. If they (go) to the disco, they (listen) to loud music.
  10. If you (wait) a minute, I (ask) my parents.

Bài tập 2. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc với câu điều kiện loại 2

  1. If I (come) home earlier, I (prepare) dinner.
  2. If we (live) in HCMC, my boyfriend (visit) us.
  3. If Tung and Thanh (be) older, they (play) in our football team.
  4. If he (be) my friend, I (invite) him to my birthday party.
  5. If Xuan (study) harder, she (be) better at school.
  6. If they (have) enough money, they (buy) a new car.
  7. If you (do) a paper round, you (earn) a little extra money.
  8. If Minh (get) more pocket money, he (ask) Lam out for dinner.
  9. If we (win) the lottery, we (fly) to London.
  10. If I (meet) Brad Pitt, I (ask) for his autograph.

Bài tập 3: Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc

  1. If we meet at 9:30, we (have) plenty of time.
  2. Lisa would find the milk if she (look) in the fridge.
  3. If you spoke louder, your classmates (understand) you.
  4. Dan (arrive) safe if he drove slowly.
  5. If you (swim) in this lake, you’ll shiver from cold.
  6. The door will unlock if you (press) the green button.
  7. I (call) the office if I (be) you.
  8. If they (listen) carefully, they might hear the woodpecker.
  9. The soil (not/dry out) if you water the plants regularly.
  10. If you (give) the young boy this stick, he’d hurt himself.
  11. If the cat hides in the tree, the dog (not/find) it.
  12. If he washed his feet more often, his girlfriend (visit) him more often.
  13. Manh (read) the newspaper if he went by train.

Bài tập 4: Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.

  1. If we meet at 9:30, we (have) _________________plenty of time.
  2. If you (find) _________________ a skeleton in the cellar, don’t mention it to anyone.
  3. If you pass your examination, we (have) _________________a celebration.
  4. Lisa would find the milk if she (look) _________________ for it in the fridge.
  5. What (happen) _________________if I press this button?
  6. The door will be unlocked if you (press)_________________ the green button.
  7. If you go to Paris, where you (stay) _________________?
  8. If you (swim) _________________ in this lake, you’ll shiver from cold.
  9. If someone offered to buy you one of those rings, which you (choose) _________________?
  10. The flight may be cancelled if the fog (get) _________________thick.
  11. If the milkman (come) _________________, tell him to leave two pints.
  12. I (call) _________________ the office if I were you.
  13. Someone (sit) _________________on your glasses if you leave them there.
  14. You would hear my explanation if you (not talk) _________________so much.
  15. What I (do) _________________if I hear the burglar alarm?
  16. I would repair the roof myself if I (have) _________________a long ladder.
  17. Unless they turn that radio off, I (go) _________________mad.
  18. If you were made redundant, what you (do) _________________?
  19. We’ll have a long way to walk if we (run) _________________out of petrol here.
  20. If you shake that bottle of port, it (not be) _________________ fit to drink.
  21. I’ll probably get lost unless he (come) _________________with me.
  22. You (not have) _________________ so many accidents if you drove more slowly.
  23. If she (leave) _________________ the fish here, the cat will eat it.
  24. Unless you (tell) __________________ the truth, I won’t help you.
  25. You’ll get pneumonia if you (not change) _________________ your wet clothes.
  26. If they (hang) _________________ that picture lower, people would be able to see it.
  27. She (be) _________________able to walk faster if she didn’t have such high-heel shoes.
  28. I (not buy) _________________ things on the installment system if I were you.
  29. Dan (arrive) _________________ safe if he drove slowly.

Bài tập 5: Chọn đáp án đúng để điền vào chỗ trống

  1. If I __________the same problem you had as a child, I might not have succeeded in life as well as you have.

A. have             B. would have         C. had had       D. should have

  1. I __________you sooner had someone told me you were in the hospital.

A. would have visited          B. visited       C. had visited         D. visit

  1.  __________more help, I would call my neighbor.

A.needed     B. should I need     C. I have needed    D. I should need

  1.  __________then what I know yesterday, I would have saved myself a lot of time and trouble over the years.

A.had I known   B. did I know      C. If I know      D. If I would know

  1. Do you think there would be less conflict in the world if all people __________the same language?

A.spoke           B. speak                C. had spoken            D. will speak

  1. If you can give me one good reason for your acting like this, __________this incident again.

A.I will never mention            B. I never mention

C. will I never mention              D. I don’t mention

  1.  If I had known you were asleep, I __________so much noise when I came in.

A.didn’t make                  B. wouldn’t have made

  1.  won’t make               D. don’t make
  1. Unless you __________all of my questions, I can’t do anything to help you.
  1.  answered     B. answer       C. would answer    D. are answering
  1. Had you told me that this was going to happen, I __________it.

A. would have never believed                          B. don’t believe

C. hadn’t believed                                         D. can’t believe

  1. If Jake __________to go on the trip, would you have gone?

A. doesn’t agree                      B. didn’t agree 

C. hadn’t agreed           D. wouldn’t agree


Bài tập 1: Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc với câu điều kiện loại 1

  1. study/will pass
  2. shines/will walk
  3. has/must see
  4. come/will be
  5. earns/will fly
  6. travel/will visit
  7. wear/may slip
  8. forgets/will give
  9. go/have to
  10. wait/will ask

Bài tập 2. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc với câu điều kiện loại 2

  1. came/would prepare
  2. lived/would visit
  3. were/would play
  4. were/would invite
  5. studied/would be
  6. had/could buy
  7. did/could earn
  8. got/could ask
  9. won/would fly
  10. met/would ask

Bài tập 3: Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc

  1. will have
  2. looked
  3. could understand
  4. would arrive
  5. swim
  6. press
  7. would call/were
  8. listened
  9. won’t dry out
  10. gave
  11. won’t find
  12. would visit 
  13. would read

Bài tập 4: Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.

  1. will have
  2. find
  3. will
  4. looked
  5. will happen
  6. press
  7. will you stay
  8. swim
  9.  would you choose
  10. gets
  11. comes
  12. would call
  13. will sit
  14. don’t talk
  15. will you do
  16. had
  17.  will go
  18. would you do
  19. run
  20. won’t be
  21. comes
  22. wouldn’t have
  23. leaves
  24. Tell
  25. don’t change
  26. hung
  27. would be
  28. wouldn’t buy
  29. would drive


Bài tập 5: Chọn đáp án đúng để điền vào chỗ trống


  1. C
  2. A
  3. B
  4. A
  5. A
  6. A
  7. B
  8. B
  9. A
  10. C
  11. B
  12. C
  13. C
  14. A
  15. B
  16. D
  17. C
  18. B
  19. A
  20. C
  21. C
  22. A
  23. B
  24. A
  25. B


Bài viết gợi ý: